L'Ilythiiri Zhaun'ol

(The Drow Dictionairy)

An explanation ] [ Contents ] [ 0..5. Notes ] [ 6. Grammar ] [ 7..19. Tables ] [ 20..21. The Dictionairy ] [ 22..23. Supplement ]


6. Grammar

To make yourself better understand to the drows, a good knowledge of the grammar is needed. One little syntax error can cause great trouble for you (or your people).

6A. Pluralization

Withstanding irregular forms, a plural is completed by "en" if it ends in a consonant or "n" if it ends in a vowel.

Singular: xxx Uss Jabbress {One Mistress}
Plural: xxx-en Draa Jabbressen {Two Mistresses}
Singular: xxxe Uss Velve {One Blade}
Plural: xxxe-n Draa Velven {Two Blades}

6B. Possessive case

Coincidentally, the possessive case in the Drow language is very similar to the Common Tongue used by most races. The possessive case is completed with "'s" except if the word ends in "s" where upon "'" is added.

xxx's Sarn lil velg'larn's inthen
{xxx-'s} {Beware the assassin's schemes}
xxxs' Nindil zhah lil valsharess' elgluth
{xxxs'} {That is the queen's whip}

6C. Verbs

A verb has different forms depending on its number (singular or plural); person (first, second, third); voice (active, passive); tense (present, past, future, present perfect, past perfect, future perfect); and mood (indicative, imperative, subjunctive).

Number:

Withstanding irregular verbs, the singular form is completed with "ar".

Singular: xxx vvv-ar
Lil sargtlin elggar {The warrior kills}
Plural: xxx-en vvv
Lil sargtlinen elgg {The warriors kill}
Singular: xxx vvv-ar
Uss jaluk elar {One male dies}
Plural: xxx-en vvv
Draa jaluken el {Two males die}

Person:

Verbs usually have a different form only in the third person singular of the present tense. Withstanding irregular verbs, the third person singular of the present tense is completed with "e".

1st: Uss vvv Uss belbau {I give}
2nd: Dos vvv Dos belbau {You give}
3rd: Ilt vvv-e Ilt belbaue {She gives}
1st: Uss vvv Uss luth {I cast}
2nd: Dos vvv Dos luth {You cast}
3rd: Ilt vvv-e Ilt luthe {She casts}

Voice:

A passive verb is a combination of a "be" verb and a past participle.

Active: L'yathrin harventhe ukt karliik
{The yathrin severs his head}
Passive: Ukt karliik zhah harventhus a'lil yathrin
{His head is severed by the yathrin}

Tense:

Withstanding irregular verbs, the past tense is completed with "us".

Active voice: Passive voice:
Present tense: Uk phlithe Uk zhah phlithus
{He hates} {He is hated}
Past tense: Uss phlithus Uss zhahus phlithus
{I hated} {I was hated}
Future tense: Dos orn phlith Dos orn tlu phlithus
{You will hate} {You will be hated}
Present perfect:Dos inbal phlithus Dos inbal tlus phlithus
{You have hated} {You have been hated}
Past perfect: Ilt inbalus phlithus Ilt inbalus tlus phlithus
{She had hated} {She had been hated}
Future perfect: Uss zhal inbal phlithus Uss zhal inbal tlus phlithus
{I shall have hated} {I shall have been hated}

Mood:

The mood of the verb indicates the tone in which the statement is made. The common "-ing" ending found in many verbs of the indicative mood is completed with "-in". There are no other endings for the imperative or subjunctive moods.

Indicative:

vvv-in Udos phuul raldarin lil waess dal fol rivvin.
{vvv-ing} {We are stripping the skin from some humans}

6D. Suffices

The common "-ful" suffix for many adjectives is indicated by "'urn".

-FUL suffix:

xxx ...{xxx} Ssin {Beauty}
xxx-'urn ...{xxx-ful} Ssin'urn {Beautiful}

The common "-ly" suffix for many adverbs is indicated by "ne" (or "e" if ending in "n").

-LY suffix:

xxx ...{xxx} Ssin'urn {Beautiful}
xxx-ne ...{xxx-ly} Ssin'urne {Beautifully}

6E. Adjectives

Adjectives have three forms: positive, comparative, and superlative. Withstanding irregular forms, the comparative form is completed with "ur" while the superlative is completed with "url".

Positive: xxx Olath {Dark}
Comparative: xxx-ur Olathur {Darker}
Superlative: xxx-url Olathurl {Darkest}
Positive: xxx'urn Ssin'urn {Beautiful}
Comparative: Mzild xxx'urn Mzild ssin'urn {More beautiful}
Superlative: Mzilst xxx'urn Mzilst ssin'urn {Most beautiful}

6F. Adverbs

Adverbs, like adjectives, have three forms: positive, comparative, and superlative. Withstanding irregular forms, the comparative form is completed with "ur" while the superlative is completed with "url".

Comperative
Positive: xxx Al {Well}
Comparative: xxx-ur Alur {Better}
Superlative: xxx-url Alurl {Best}
Superlative
Positive: xxxne Ssin'urne {Beautifully}
Comparative: Mzild xxxne Mzild ssin'urne {More beautiful}
Superlative: Mzilst xxxne Mzilst ssin'urne {Most beautiful}